The party who brings a lawsuit. In a trademark suit, the plaintiff may be claiming trademark infringement and/or dilution, or may simply be requesting in a declaratory judgment action for the court to make a determination of which party has prior rights in a mark, or whether there even exists a valid conflict between two marks. Standing to sue in a trademark lawsuit exists once someone claims infringement and threatens to take some action either through the courts or the appropriate administrative body. If this happens, the party accused of infringing a trademark can become the plaintiff in a declaratory judgment action and thereby can often receive the advantage of a more convenient forum.